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Training Course – Strengthening Land Tenure Security for Disaster Resilience

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Most governments around the world have established land management institutions as well
as legal frameworks for recording land information for protecting land ownership rights.
However, in many developing countries, land administration systems are often incomplete or
not up-to-date, leaving many citizens without formal land tenure despite decades of land use.
A 2018 UN-Habitat report states that, in Nepal, the current Land Administration System does
not deal with non-statutory or informal land tenure, which is estimated to be around 25 percent
of the total arable land in the country. Such land is estimated to be around 10 million physical
parcels on the ground, resulting in a significant amount of the Nepalese population living in
informality without security of tenure.
According to Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, in 2018, more than 13 million people
were internally displaced in the Asia-Pacific region — the world’s most disaster-prone region.
The vast majority of those affected are often the most vulnerable, who are more likely to live
on disaster-prone land, or are unable to prove prior occupation due to the lack of clear title to
land or property that they own or occupy. This presents a problem in post-disaster scenarios,
when decisions concerning restitution are to be made quickly.
Permanent reconstruction programs (both government and humanitarian) require
beneficiaries to show legal proof of ownership, thus tending to overlook those who are most
vulnerable. To address the needs, a 1.5-day training course was organized from September
16 to 17, on the sidelines of the Asia-Pacific Housing Forum in Bangkok, Thailand. The
program aimed to strengthen participants’ understanding of pre-disaster options for land
tenure administration that could facilitate post-disaster housing recovery. The course also
provided insights into land management policies, regulations and tools that are risk-sensitive
and focused on disaster risk reduction and mitigation in order to improve the resilience of the
more vulnerable members of society. In addition, the facilitators presented case studies
examining land tenure issues after natural disasters in the Asia-Pacific region.

Habitat for Humanity