Green Homes or Sustainable Housing is an approach that includes household systems that reduce pressure on natural resources and carbon emissions, thus resulting in human wellbeing, social equity, and green economy. Besides energy efficient buildings, it also includes eco-friendly practices for water and waste management systems such as rainwater harvesting, and waste/wastewater recycling. Green homes are more than just green buildings – they reflect a sustainable lifestyle based on eco-friendly systems and behavior.
Under the Switch Asia call of European Union, the program aims to fulfill the increasing demand for goods and services ultimately reducing exploitation of natural resources, toxic materials and emissions of waste and pollutants. The program works on the ground, with producers and consumers, mainly among Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) and consumer groups in Asia to achieve this objective.
To respond to such a situation, UN-Habitat and partners (IHS, ENPHO, CEN, SLTDC and FNCCI) has launched Green Homes: Promoting Sustainable Housing in Nepal (2013-15). This project is funded by European Union under SWITCH Asia call for Sustainable Consumption and Production. This three-year project will be implemented primarily in three cities of Nepal viz Lalitpur, Pokhara and Dharan with wider impact to other municipalities. Green Homes incorporates five major areas- green building, passive solar design, energy efficiency, water conservation and sustainable management of waste and waste water at household level.
This project will contributing to the mitigation of climate change and reducing poverty through the creation of green jobs, and through economic, social and environment development.
– We assist in formulation of policies for sustainable housing.
– We assist municipalities to prepare plans and policies for promoting sustainable housing.
– We insist in reviewing and modifying national building codes in relation to sustainable housing.
(With this objective at the social level general public are more likely to adopt sustainable housing related products and services because of its endorsement by government and municipalities and because of the incentives provided by municipalities. At the technical level the quality of sustainable housing related products and services are enhanced and standardized because of the technical guidelines produced by the government and its inclusion in the national building codes. Likewise at the economical level and policy level as well it will have impact.
2. Strengthen supply chains for sustainable housing and building capacity of SMEs to deliver household level green technologies and services.
– We strengthen the supply chains of the different elements of sustainable housing, including energy efficient byildings and water, waste and wastewater management.
– We insist in creating green jobs for the urban poor, particularly women.
( Consumers in at least three municipalities will have access to five types of improved products and services related to sustainable housing. SMEs will be able to provide improved products and services, improved supply chain results and benefit from green jobs as well as Strengthening of supply chain and creation of green jobs as an example of policy makers to implement policies related to green economy
3. Stimulate demand for sustainable housing
– We launch marketing campaign to generate demand for energy efficient buildings, water and waste management.
– We are trying to establish voluntary green labeling system to inform consumers and promote small and medium enterprise (SME’s).
– We disseminate knowledge of sustainable housing through global networks and initiatives.
( We will be informing urban citizen about the products and services for sustainable housing. Green labeling system will encourage SME’s to improve their products and services, increase in demand will result in improved business for at least 50 SME’s involved in sustainable housing and at the policy level increased demand will help in implementation of policies and guidelines related to sustainable housing)
Thus, our major target groups and final beneficiaries are National Policy makers, municipalities, small and medium enterprises, poor urban youth particularly women, consumers of sustainable housing as well as professionals and researchers, general public and partner organizations as well.
Need for Sustainable Housing
Housing sector has a significant contribution to urban economies in cities. 18% of total urban employment in Nepal is said to be contributed by construction industries. On the demand side there will be need of an additional 1 million urban houses in the decade of 2011 to shelter urban population. To meet this demand with the conventional building practices will contribute notoriously to pollution and climate change factors. The conventional brick-concrete buildings perform poorly in severe temperatures. Nepalese cities are facing challenges in water scarcity, waste management and environmental pollution. Growing climate variability is also likely to exacerbate the existing pressure on the urban services. To enhance sustainability and adapting climate change impacts, it is imperative to include eco-friendly practices and to curb the energy consumption in the housing sector – both embodied in construction materials as well as operational. Therefore, Green Homes is being proposed to address the demand of the time.
Features of Green Homes