Global Sanitation Fund Programme Nepal



The Global Sanitation Fund (GSF) is a pooled global fund to boost expenditure on sanitation and hygiene to help large number of poor people to attain safe sanitation services and adopt good hygiene practices. It is estimated that 2.5 billion people, about 40% of the world population, do not have access to basic sanitation. The GSF offers an efficient and cost-effective opportunity for contributors to help the world’s poorest people access this most basic everyday need. The GSF is a programme of the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) and was launched in 2008.


GSF in Nepal started from 2010 for five years with the commitment to support the government for operationalization of Sanitation and Hygiene Master Plan 2011. The successful ongoing implementation of GSF Programme in Nepal in Six districts ( Bajura, Bardiya, Arghakhanchi, Sindhupalchowk,Sunsari and Bhaktapur ) and six muncipilities ( Madhyapur Thimi, Gulariya, Tikapur,Bhaktapur, Ithari and Inaruwa ) in five developmental regions, has led towards expansion of the programme in 8 Terai
districts (Parsa, Bara, Rautahat, Sarlahi, Mahottari, Dhanusha,Siraha and Saptari) and 1 mountain district Dolakha covering the time-frame up to 2017.

The expansion of the GSF program in Nepal aims to support the Government of Nepal to achieve national sanitation target of
100% coverage by 2017 by taking up the most challenging 8 Terai districts with low sanitation coverage. The campaign will follow
the approach as prescribed by the National Sanitation and Hygiene Master Plan. Therefore, the campaign will be led by District Water Sanitation and Hygiene Coordination Committee (D-WASHCCs), Village Development Committee (VDC) Level Water Sanitation and Hygiene Coordination Committee (V-WASH-CCs) and Municipal Level Water Sanitation and Hygiene Coordination
Committee (M-WASH-CC) with continuous and regular monitoring and follow up by Regional Water and Sanitation Coordination Committee (R-WASH-CCs ) and National Sanitation and Hygiene Coordination Committee (NSHCC).UN-Habitat through its sub-grantees will provide support, to the respective D-WASH-CC and V/M-WASH-CC based on an agreed programme of action for implementing the Master Plan.


The first phase of GSF programme targets to reach 1.8 million people living in 6 target districts. It aims for access to improved sanitation facilities to 1 million people within 5 years. The programme targets to achieve the ODF status of 205 VDCs and 6 Municipalities along with hygiene behavior improvement of more than 1 million people through handwashing with soap. The programme also aims to mobilize school students and teachers as change agents to gear the sanitation campaign to reach ODF status.

The expansion phase of GSF programme dwelled with more than five million peoples in 823 VDCs,in 9 districts. The sanitation coverage in the 8 terai district is only 27%, and only 13% of the 932,308 households in the district have improved toilets.
In fact more than twice as many people have mobile phones (56%) compared to toilets in these districts.


a) Consensus Building

b) Sector Coordination and Planning

c) Capacity Building

d) ODF Campaign

e) Sanitation Marketing

f) Monitoring

g) Knowledge Management


National Sanitation and Hygiene Coordination Committee (NSHCC): NSHCC gives strategic guidance and supervision to the GSF programme in Nepal in order to ensure alignment with national sector policies, strategies and the Master Plan. NSHCC is a multi-stakeholders’ platform led by the government.

Executing Agency (EA): EA administers the fund, including the award of grants in response to proposals,technical support to Sub-grantees and monitoring.

Country Programme Monitor (CPM): CPM monitors the performance of EA and it’s Sub-grantees in terms of financial administration and achievement of the objectives of the GSF programme in Nepal, using log frame indicators.CSC&CO is the CPM for GSF in Nepal.

Sub-grantees : Sub-grantees are the implementing agencies for GSF programme. Local bodies, NGOs and CBOs are eligible agencies to work as the Sub-grantees


Policy enabler: Support for localizing Sanitation and Hygiene Master Plan 2011.
Ownership and institutionalization: Integrationand linkage with government programme through local level Strategic Plan/Plan of Action led by local bodies.
Stakeholders Participation: Recognition of multi-stakeholders efforts in central,regional, district, municipality and VDC levels
Campaign: Adoption of wider campaign approach to back up on going sanitation movement.
Sustainability: Resource pooling, cost-sharing and local leaders

updated on August 15 2014