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- Water for future: Rainwater harvesting drive
- Campaign to preserve groundwater
- URBANISATION PROCESS: Study on vulnerability assesment
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- Community gets its own supply of water
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- UN HABITAT & UNICEF support promotion of arsenic mitigation options in terai districts of Nepal
- UN Habitat supporting EcoSan Toilet Promotional Campaign in Nagarkot
- Call to preserve traditional water management system
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- World Habitat Day 2014 Message of the UN-Habitat Executive Director Dr. Joan Clos
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- Construction of temporary shelters gaining momentum
- Urban challenges emerging one month after Nepal earthquake.
- Japan and UN-Habitat to provide shelter support in Nepal before and during monsoon
- Nepal: Another 7.3 magnitude earthquake wreaks further havoc
- UN-Habitat ready to support Shelter, WASH and Early Recovery in Nepal
- UN-Habitat Regional Director visit Gamcha
- 'Rebuilding the hearts of people'
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- Youth Volunteers Revive Over 100 toilets in four days
- Bardiya declared Terai first ODF District
- UN-Habitat promoting safer building solutions
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- Rebuilding what is holy
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- Community Information Center formally opened
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- “Happily shifted in my own Temporary Shelter”
- Illegal settlement sprawl risks up
- Safer Homes
- Rebuilding Nepal
- Beneficiaries’ immediate woes fade away
- GSF programmes empower close to 10 million to end open defecation
Sukekhola, the first community in Kamalamai Municipality declared open defecation free in Water for Asian Cities ProjectsPosted 25 March, 04:46 pm
Kamalamai Integrated Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Improvement project declared one community, in Kamalamai municipality, the second largest municipality, an open defecation free (ODF) in March 2011.
Centre for Integrated Urban Development (CIUD) in close coordination with local sector stakeholders, District water supply and sanitation office, District public health office and local Water and Sanitation Users Committees with support of WaterAid in Nepal (WAN) and UN Habitat Water for Asian Cities (WAC) Programme is implementing this project in peri urban settlements of Kamalamai municipality to improve the water, sanitation and health condition of poor and vulnerable residents. These WAC partners cooperate with respective municipality for the effective implementation of the project.
After this declaration, Sukekhola has become the first community in Kamalamai to declare ODF in the Municipality. There are 88 households (HHs) in the community, where 75 per cent HHs were practicing open defecation before the project intervention. The community people with support of the project constructed 66 individual toilets that helped them to bring their community to this stage.
In addition, the project also adopted an integrated approach in order to improve environmental health condition of urban poor communities, which firstly focused jointly on low cost household option on water treatment, sanitation, and hygiene. Since it needs huge investment to improve the quality of water at source, this project has opted to promote the Point of use (PoU) treatment methodology to safeguard the health of the community people. Community people awareness level has been enhanced through the trained water quality volunteers who are responsible to test the quality of water in the community and disseminate the result to the wider audience.
To improve sanitation, it is promoting low cost improved double pit latrine and bio gas. Most of the constructions were done using the local materials and local labours to create a sense of ownership and support the local livelihoods.
To supplement the local ownership local masons were trained and hired to execute the job and has supported in income generation. Equity and inclusion has been the centre point during project intervention. Women representation in Water and sanitation users committee is overwhelming and has triggered the huge community participation in project activities. Disable and child friendly toilet has been promoted.
To demonstrate the low cost toilets and to change the mindset of those people who thinks toilet construction is expensive, the project used bamboo structures, cement concrete block and jute bags for superstructures of toilet.
This project has trained ward wise FCHVs and interested local women volunteers and developed them as V-WASH (Volunteers for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) and has promoted hygiene education like practices of proper hand washing, safe storage of water, waste management, kitchen management and grey water management for further better health outcomes through Door to Door campaign and to bring about the behavioral change in the community. Likewise it has trained Child Clubs and School children to safe guard the WASH activities basically focusing on sustaining the ODF status and to aware the communities on WASH issues.
The project is currently working closely with local authorities, Community Based Organization (CBOs), schools and Female Community Health Volunteers (FCHVs) to further improve sustainability and integration, and deliver project activities effectively.
Community based monitoring and evaluation (CBME) tool has been introduced for maintaining the transparency in financial aspect and raising ownership within community people for the sustainability of project intervention.
Likewise Rapid Convenient Survey (RCS), a hygiene monitoring tool has been introduced and practiced to access the behavioral changes brought by the hygiene related intervention.
In addition, the project has envisaged widening its activities in upper part of Kamalamai municipality focusing its activities on poorly maintained sanitation problems of small town which has been overshadowed due to the huge investment in water sector and lack of community awareness on the importance of sanitation facilities.