- WWF launches Coastal Project on Water and Sanitation at Kakapir and Soomer villages
- Water for future: Rainwater harvesting drive
- Campaign to preserve groundwater
- URBANISATION PROCESS: Study on vulnerability assesment
- Rainwater harvesting a boon to Lalitpur folk
- Community gets its own supply of water
- Traditional Water management and Machhendranath Festival
- UN HABITAT & UNICEF support promotion of arsenic mitigation options in terai districts of Nepal
- UN Habitat supporting EcoSan Toilet Promotional Campaign in Nagarkot
- Call to preserve traditional water management system
- Urbanisation in the spotlight as world marks first World Cities Day
- Bajura yet to rid itself of Chhaupadi tradition
- M-WASH-CC Formation in Sandhikharka Municipality
- Voice from slum
- World Habitat Day to be observed on Monday
- Squatters to be consulted to resolve their problem
- World Habitat Day 2014 Message of the UN-Habitat Executive Director Dr. Joan Clos
- ‘Give Slum Dwellers a Voice’, Secretary-General says in Message for World Habitat Day
- Construction of temporary shelters gaining momentum
- Urban challenges emerging one month after Nepal earthquake.
- Japan and UN-Habitat to provide shelter support in Nepal before and during monsoon
- Nepal: Another 7.3 magnitude earthquake wreaks further havoc
- UN-Habitat ready to support Shelter, WASH and Early Recovery in Nepal
- UN-Habitat Regional Director visit Gamcha
- 'Rebuilding the hearts of people'
- Shelter project team set off for field mission
- Youth Volunteers Revive Over 100 toilets in four days
- Bardiya declared Terai first ODF District
- UN-Habitat promoting safer building solutions
- Relief materials to vulnerable women
- UN-Habitat and IUTC trained urban practitioners in Land Readjustment
- Rebuilding what is holy
- Post-quake urban challenges complex: Padma Sunder Joshi
- Community Information Center formally opened
- Training People on Sustainable and Safer Building Construction
- National level interaction on rebuilding Bungamati
- “Happily shifted in my own Temporary Shelter”
- Illegal settlement sprawl risks up
- Safer Homes
- Rebuilding Nepal
- Beneficiaries’ immediate woes fade away
- GSF programmes empower close to 10 million to end open defecation
Nepal: opening of Urine Bank in SiddhipurPosted 18 May, 12:30 pm
On Monday 17th of May 2010 the “Urine Bank” in Siddhipur, Nepal was inaugurated. The urine bank, which is a spin-off from the STruvite recovery from Urine in Nepal (STUN), is a pilot project aimed at increasing the re-use of nutrients from human urine. Source-separated urine is collected from households which don’t have a use for it and is sold for 1 Nepalese Rupee per litre to farmers who use it to fertilise their crops.
In Siddhipur about 100 Ecosan toilets have been installed by various NGOs; most of these are of a type that allows for separation of urine from faecal matter. Therefore approximately 35000 litres of urine are available for use as plant fertiliser annually. Various studies found however that a large percentage of the source-separated urine was never used, but leached into the ground instead. For this there were various reasons, the most important of which is that a lot of people don’t have fields close to their house, so they cannot very easily use the urine. In a bid to increase the re-use of nutrients the STUN project was set up in a collaboration between UN-HABITAT and EAWAG from Switzerland (www.eawag.ch/stun). The aim of the project is to precipitate Struvite (a phosphorus fertiliser) from the urine and then either use the effluent in drip irrigation or treat it so that it can be leached without causing ground or surface water pollution.
The project found that though the precipitation process is simple and robust it could not be operated profitably if the urine has to be collected from many households. The main reason is that the process needs a magnesium source for the precipitation to happen, but currently there is no market for magnesium in Nepal and thus the price of the magnesium is too high locally. Further experiments with Struvite precipitation will be done at a school in Kathmandu where large amounts of urine are available in one spot.
During the project an increasing number of farmers in Siddhipur have started using urine as a fertiliser, because it yields good growth results while the crops require noticeably less chemical pesticides. As a result there is enough demand in the village for the urine and all of it will be used as long as it can be bought from a central point. In order to facilitate this a central collection tank has been installed, and a user committee has been established. For the collection the user committee employs one person equipped with a bicycle, and this collector is paid 50% of the revenue from the sales of the fertiliser. The remaining half is used to set up a maintenance fund.
As a result of the work of number of enthusiastic pioneering farmers and the effort of various NGOs, Siddhipur now sets an example of how to increase farm productivity and combat environmental degradation through a new view on human “waste”.