- WWF launches Coastal Project on Water and Sanitation at Kakapir and Soomer villages
- Water for future: Rainwater harvesting drive
- Campaign to preserve groundwater
- URBANISATION PROCESS: Study on vulnerability assesment
- Rainwater harvesting a boon to Lalitpur folk
- Community gets its own supply of water
- Traditional Water management and Machhendranath Festival
- UN HABITAT & UNICEF support promotion of arsenic mitigation options in terai districts of Nepal
- UN Habitat supporting EcoSan Toilet Promotional Campaign in Nagarkot
- Call to preserve traditional water management system
- Urbanisation in the spotlight as world marks first World Cities Day
- Bajura yet to rid itself of Chhaupadi tradition
- M-WASH-CC Formation in Sandhikharka Municipality
- Voice from slum
- World Habitat Day to be observed on Monday
- Squatters to be consulted to resolve their problem
- World Habitat Day 2014 Message of the UN-Habitat Executive Director Dr. Joan Clos
- ‘Give Slum Dwellers a Voice’, Secretary-General says in Message for World Habitat Day
- Construction of temporary shelters gaining momentum
- Urban challenges emerging one month after Nepal earthquake.
- Japan and UN-Habitat to provide shelter support in Nepal before and during monsoon
- Nepal: Another 7.3 magnitude earthquake wreaks further havoc
- UN-Habitat ready to support Shelter, WASH and Early Recovery in Nepal
- UN-Habitat Regional Director visit Gamcha
- 'Rebuilding the hearts of people'
- Shelter project team set off for field mission
- Youth Volunteers Revive Over 100 toilets in four days
- Bardiya declared Terai first ODF District
- UN-Habitat promoting safer building solutions
- Relief materials to vulnerable women
- UN-Habitat and IUTC trained urban practitioners in Land Readjustment
- Rebuilding what is holy
- Post-quake urban challenges complex: Padma Sunder Joshi
- Community Information Center formally opened
- Training People on Sustainable and Safer Building Construction
- National level interaction on rebuilding Bungamati
- “Happily shifted in my own Temporary Shelter”
- Illegal settlement sprawl risks up
- Safer Homes
- Rebuilding Nepal
- Beneficiaries’ immediate woes fade away
- GSF programmes empower close to 10 million to end open defecation
- Strong steps towards total sanitation in Nepal as officials declare Sunsari and Nuwakot districts free of open defecation
- World Cup 2018 Football Screening in Bungamati
- UN-Habitat Supports Nepal Government in Conducting Training Workshop and National Consultation Symposium on Fit for Purpose Land Administration – From Policy to Implementation
- Heritage Walk Program to Engineer Students
- Proud to be involved in UN-Habitat initiative of 'De-Pukhu - State pond of Bungamati' revitalization programme
- Through UN-Habitat's skill based training, now I can make perfect 'Yomari' and hoping to sell them in future from home
- Hand Washing Station was installed at Kangeshwori Temple
- Little girl washing hand at newly installed Eco-Foot Operated Hand Washing Station at Bansighat, Kathmandu
- Girl washing hand at Eco-Foot Operated Hand Washing Station at Kalimati Vegetable Market. UN-Habitat Nepal had installed 20 such hand washing stations at 20 strategic places.
Traditional Water management and Machhendranath FestivalPosted 15 July, 09:02 am
UN Habitat has launched the Urban Forum to discuss on urban issues in Nepal. The forum will provide a monthly forum to youths, researchers and scholars to discuss on urban issues of Nepal. It has organized an interaction programme on “Traditional Water management and Machhendranath Festival” on the launching of the Urban Forum. Mr. Padma Sundar Joshi, Habitat Manager, UN Habitat Nepal, highlighted on the traditional water management system in Kathmandu Valley and linkage on the Machhendranath festival celebration in the programme. He further explained the Kathmandu city as a superb example of an eco-city based on the water management system with the provision of water canal (rajkulo), ponds and stone spouts. The cities of this valley developed a brilliant example of sustainable water management and linked it with socio-cultural practices.
Mr. Joshi highlighted the city planning and city water supply system of Kathmandu valley that started at least 1500 years ago in Kirat, Lichchhavi and Malla dynasties. The city is planned as a design of Mandala with the three concentric circles; Human settlement domain, agricultural domain and natural domain. Kirats developed the gravity flow water system from the springs and Licchhavis introduced the dug well technology to utilize the ground water in Kathmandu valley.
Mr. Joshi introduced the Hiti system of the stone spouts of the Kathmandu valley. The natural spring water from Budhanilkantha, Bageshwori and Tika Bhairav brought through water canal (rajkulo) and storage in the public ponds in city since last 1500 years. The ponds contributed as aquifers of the water supply system. Water collected in the ponds infiltrated in the ground and flowed to stone spouts through cannels for public supply. The stone spouts are managed in the human settlement, on the way to farm and the natural sanctuaries to serve water to the public for different purpose.
He described the Hiti system; stone spout (Hiti) platform, intake, watercanal, filtration system and reservoir. He stressed on the importance of all the system for sustainable water supply. He explained the social engagement and linkages in the traditional water management system, family level, neighbourhood level and state level. He further explained the linkages of Machchhendranath festival in city water system. Machchhendranath festival is linked with the sustainable water system, certain rituals are linked with particular water body; ponds and stone spouts. The community level trust fund mechanism Guthi also established to execute and sustain the activities of traditional water supply management. There are many cultural festivals celebrated in the water sources to encourage water source protection and conservation.
He expressed his worries on destruction and interruption of the traditional water management system with the modern development activities. Encroachment of the ponds and stone spout platforms, interruption of water cannels and construction of private dug wells destroyed the traditional water system of the Kathmandu valley. The deep basement buildings and laying of hume pipes for city storm water also affected on the traditional system of water flow in ponds, dug wells and stone spouts.
Mr. Bhushan Tuladhar, Regional Technical Advisor, UN Habitat Water for Asian Cities, expressed that the traditional water management system of Kathmandu valley was an excellent and complete system of water management. Traditionally, it was sustained and managed through linkage with the rituals and festivals but in the modern days we have to manage and preserve it with ours ethics and legal provisions.