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Reviving Sanitation Campaign

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Over a year has passed since the devastating April 2015 earthquake but thousands of people are still struggling to resettle in terms of fear, trauma, water and sanitation, shelter, livelihood and dreaming towards normal life. The year 2015 has been very difficult for Nepal coping with destructions of earthquake and making efforts for reaching the affected and planning for reconstruction and recovery. The
damage recorded in the WASH sector due to the earthquake is alarming. Out of a total 11,288 water supply systems in the 14 most affected districts 1,570 sustained major damages, 3,663 were partially damaged and approximately 220,000 toilets were partially or totally destroyed.

The Global Sanitation Fund (GSF) Programme is also not spared by this devastating earthquake. Out of 17 GSF working districts, 5 districts were severely hit by the shake. The setback of the progress claimed by the programme is alarming. Two GSF working districts, Dolakha and Sindhupalchowk reaching 99% and 98% sanitation coverage respectively before the earthquake, encountered a steep downfall of sanitation coverage within few seconds of shake into 20% and 5% coverage respectively. Fortunately, the toilets built in minds of people were still intact though the physical toilets in the ground were damaged. Thus, due to this gained awareness level and improved behavior change no open feaces were detected and no significant diarrheal outbreaks encountered after this disaster which is normally anticipated.

GSF programme’s sole effort after the earthquake focused on revival of the sanitation campaign in these districts. This documents tries to capture the lessons that GSF programme went through in last 12 months after the disaster in this revival effort. We are looking forward for accelerated transformation in the revival of the campaign so that the national sanitation target is not shaken by the residues of this
disaster in the sector.