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GSF Annual Report 2015

2015 has been a difficult year for Nepal because of the destruction caused by the 7.8 magnitude earthquake on 25 April 2015 and its aftershocks, and the disruption in supplies of essential goods. However, in spite of these challenges, the Government and most prominently the people of Nepal have demonstrated incredible resilience leading to continuation of Nepal’s sanitation movement to show progress despite over 9000 lives lost, around 600,000 houses and almost 3,00,000 toilets destroyed.
As a result, the devastating earthquake has brought the sanitation campaigns in the 14 highly affected districts to a screeching halt. However, immediate response and activation of the WASH cluster led by the Department of Water Supply and Sewerage managed to provide access to water, sanitation and hygiene to most of the affected population immediately after the earthquake. As a result, although the monsoon season followed the disaster, people did not have to suffer from any major epidemic and not even a single diarrheal death was witnessed. Similarly, in spite of the difficult circumstances, Nepal’s sanitation movement continued to achieve results with the number of open defecation free (ODF) districts doubling from 15 in 2014 to 31 by the end of 2015. More than 50 VDCs have been declared as ODF even in the eight Terai districts of mid and eastern region where the sanitation coverage is less than half the national average.

Government of Nepal,UN-HABITAT, WSSCC