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  • Solid Waste Management in Siddhipur VDC

  • Nala 31 December: As part of the Household Centered Environmental Sanitation Planning (HCES) in Nala, a sanitation bazaar was held at the heart of this old Newari settlement on 28th November 2009 amidst huge local participation. Nala is a peri urban settlement located in Kavre district close to Banepa Municipality. The main objective of the bazaar, according to Mr. Mingma
    Gyalzen Sherpa, is to disseminate knowledge on different sanitation systems so that locals or households can take informed decisions while selecting sanitation systems for their household and community.

    Mr. Sherpa is a PhD researcher at AIT/EAWAG who is technically backstopping the HCES project. Currently,the inhabitants of Nala are preparing a HCES plan for their settlement under the technical and financial support of UN-HABITAT and the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Sciences (EAWAG)/SANDEC. The Center for Integrated Urban Development (CIUD) is the local implementing partner.

    “As part of the planning process the people in Nala are at the stage of selecting potential sanitation options appropriate for their households and the community”, informed Mr. Sherpa. The HCES plan will be covering four wards of Nala Village Development Committee with a total of 388 households.

    HCES is a novel planning approach which places households, communities and neighborhood at the centre of the planning process, adopting participatory processes from planning to implementation. It encompasses an integrated approach where safe water
    supply, sanitation and hygiene are addressed simultaneously. The centre to the HCES planning approach is the 10 step planning process. The key steps include assessment of user priorities, identification of technological and feasible service combination options and formulation of a consolidated urban sanitation service plan in collaboration with the local stakeholders.The day long bazaar was witnessed by over 1000 people, says Mr. Shyam Sundar Shrestha, Chairperson of the Nala Integrated Development Committee. Several sanitation options such as Urine Diversion Systems, Double Pit Latrines, Septic Tanks, Decentralized
    systems such as Biogas, Constructed Wetlands, urine reuse option through Struvite (Phosphorous abstraction) and water disinfection options such as SODIS, Piyush, Biosand filters were demonstrated in the bazaar. In addition to the these options traditional sanitation practices such as the practice of making organic compost “sagaa”, source separation practices using
    “copra” and innovative approaches like recycled handmade plastic products, tissue culture techniques were put up by the local women and youth groups.

    According to Mr. Prabhat Kiran Ranjit, the coordinator of the event from CIUD says, the overwhelming participation in Nala was triggered by the community clean up campaign organized early in the morning and most importantly by people’s quest for knowledge. “We will adopt this approach in our other HCES projects as well since it is an interactive way of informing the public”,
    added Mr. Christoph Luthi from EAWAG who is also overseeing other HCES cases globally. The HCES plan in Nala is expected to be finalized by end of January 2010 following which implementation will begin.

    Nala witnesses Sanitation Bazaar

  • Municipal Association of Nepal (MuAN), Practical Action Network (PAN) and Environment and Public Health Organization (ENPHO)  with support of UN HABITAT Water for Asian Cities Programme Nepal and European Union organized a workshop on municipal resource mapping for sustainable implementation of WATSAN plan on 4 December, 2009 in Kathmandu.

    The joint venture of these organizations have been conducting the “Strengthening Water, Air, Sanitation and Hygiene Treasuring Health (SWASHTHA)” project in selected seven municipalities including Bharapur, Ratnanagar, Butawol, Ramgram, Siddharthanagar, Gulariya and Tikapur; and 3 small towns namely Sunawol, Kawasoti and Bardaghat to access improved
    drinking water and sanitation (WATSAN) facilities to the poor clusters in these areas.

    The project has recently formulated a 20-year WATSAN Plan. It has recommended various WATSAN activities to conduct in selected poor communities of these municipalities and small towns, which requires sufficient fund support. The resource mapping workshop had been held to identify the possible resources, which can be supportive to implement WATSAN plan in the project
    areas.

    The workshop carried out stakeholders’ consultation on existing WATSAN situation in municipalities, various constraints to bring additional support from other potential stakeholders and donors. The workshop also focused on role of different level sector players in the implementation of WATSAN plan, and exploration of possible financial and other resources.At the programme, Joint Secretary at Ministry of Local Development (MoLD) Dinesh Thapaliya told thatpopulation living under poverty line has increased in the country in last few decades though it seems reduced in proportion. Speaking about the small scale grants, he opined that MoLD should provide grant to those local governments, which assure the ministry to give prime consideration to water, sanitation and health sector. Dormani Poudel, president of MuAN told that local  government should place solid waste management at top
    priority position in their action plan at the time of approaching to the donors. He suggested the participating municipal representatives and WATSAN stakeholders to get united to contribute WATSAN sector.

    The participants at the workshop, highlighting the existing urban WATSAN problems and current strategies of local governments, suggested to assemble support from various resources for the effective implementation of WATSAN action plans at local level. They also suggested to make local government accountable and capable to implement WATSAN activities independently.

    Municipal Resource Mapping Workshop held in Nepal