- ODF Campaign in Sindhupalchowk District
- Rooftop gardening in Kathmandu -A climate change strategy
- Community Led Rainwater Harvesting Management Project
- Subsidy status in Sunsari
- Media Advocacy in GSF Districts
- Sanitation and Hygiene movement in Arghakhanchi and Bajura
- Total Sanitation movement through students
- Construction of toilet by taking loan
- Media Orientation Training in GSF districts
- Political Parties in Sanitation Campaign
Nala 31 December: As part of the Household Centered Environmental Sanitation Planning (HCES) in Nala, a sanitation bazaar was held at the heart of this old Newari settlement on 28th November 2009 amidst huge local participation. Nala is a peri urban settlement located in Kavre district close to Banepa Municipality. The main objective of the bazaar, according to Mr. Mingma
Gyalzen Sherpa, is to disseminate knowledge on different sanitation systems so that locals or households can take informed decisions while selecting sanitation systems for their household and community.
Mr. Sherpa is a PhD researcher at AIT/EAWAG who is technically backstopping the HCES project. Currently,the inhabitants of Nala are preparing a HCES plan for their settlement under the technical and financial support of UN-HABITAT and the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Sciences (EAWAG)/SANDEC. The Center for Integrated Urban Development (CIUD) is the local implementing partner.
“As part of the planning process the people in Nala are at the stage of selecting potential sanitation options appropriate for their households and the community”, informed Mr. Sherpa. The HCES plan will be covering four wards of Nala Village Development Committee with a total of 388 households.
HCES is a novel planning approach which places households, communities and neighborhood at the centre of the planning process, adopting participatory processes from planning to implementation. It encompasses an integrated approach where safe water
supply, sanitation and hygiene are addressed simultaneously. The centre to the HCES planning approach is the 10 step planning process. The key steps include assessment of user priorities, identification of technological and feasible service combination options and formulation of a consolidated urban sanitation service plan in collaboration with the local stakeholders.The day long bazaar was witnessed by over 1000 people, says Mr. Shyam Sundar Shrestha, Chairperson of the Nala Integrated Development Committee. Several sanitation options such as Urine Diversion Systems, Double Pit Latrines, Septic Tanks, Decentralized
systems such as Biogas, Constructed Wetlands, urine reuse option through Struvite (Phosphorous abstraction) and water disinfection options such as SODIS, Piyush, Biosand filters were demonstrated in the bazaar. In addition to the these options traditional sanitation practices such as the practice of making organic compost “sagaa”, source separation practices using
“copra” and innovative approaches like recycled handmade plastic products, tissue culture techniques were put up by the local women and youth groups.
According to Mr. Prabhat Kiran Ranjit, the coordinator of the event from CIUD says, the overwhelming participation in Nala was triggered by the community clean up campaign organized early in the morning and most importantly by people’s quest for knowledge. “We will adopt this approach in our other HCES projects as well since it is an interactive way of informing the public”,
added Mr. Christoph Luthi from EAWAG who is also overseeing other HCES cases globally. The HCES plan in Nala is expected to be finalized by end of January 2010 following which implementation will begin.
Municipal Association of Nepal (MuAN), Practical Action Network (PAN) and Environment and Public Health Organization (ENPHO) with support of UN HABITAT Water for Asian Cities Programme Nepal and European Union organized a workshop on municipal resource mapping for sustainable implementation of WATSAN plan on 4 December, 2009 in Kathmandu.
The joint venture of these organizations have been conducting the “Strengthening Water, Air, Sanitation and Hygiene Treasuring Health (SWASHTHA)” project in selected seven municipalities including Bharapur, Ratnanagar, Butawol, Ramgram, Siddharthanagar, Gulariya and Tikapur; and 3 small towns namely Sunawol, Kawasoti and Bardaghat to access improved
drinking water and sanitation (WATSAN) facilities to the poor clusters in these areas.
The project has recently formulated a 20-year WATSAN Plan. It has recommended various WATSAN activities to conduct in selected poor communities of these municipalities and small towns, which requires sufficient fund support. The resource mapping workshop had been held to identify the possible resources, which can be supportive to implement WATSAN plan in the project
The workshop carried out stakeholders’ consultation on existing WATSAN situation in municipalities, various constraints to bring additional support from other potential stakeholders and donors. The workshop also focused on role of different level sector players in the implementation of WATSAN plan, and exploration of possible financial and other resources.At the programme, Joint Secretary at Ministry of Local Development (MoLD) Dinesh Thapaliya told thatpopulation living under poverty line has increased in the country in last few decades though it seems reduced in proportion. Speaking about the small scale grants, he opined that MoLD should provide grant to those local governments, which assure the ministry to give prime consideration to water, sanitation and health sector. Dormani Poudel, president of MuAN told that local government should place solid waste management at top
priority position in their action plan at the time of approaching to the donors. He suggested the participating municipal representatives and WATSAN stakeholders to get united to contribute WATSAN sector.
The participants at the workshop, highlighting the existing urban WATSAN problems and current strategies of local governments, suggested to assemble support from various resources for the effective implementation of WATSAN action plans at local level. They also suggested to make local government accountable and capable to implement WATSAN activities independently.
Students at Bentley University in Boston, have raised funds amounting to more than USD 10,000 for UN HABITAT’s Water for Asian Cities Programme. The money is being used for a rainwater conservation project in Nepal.
The monies were raised under the Project H2O campaign by a team of dedicated students of Bentley University to support the clean water initiatives Nepal.
Bentley International Student’s Association, Bentley Greek Council, Bentley Spring Day Donations, community members and pay pals of websites made the donations amounting to USD 10,836.
The monies were handed to UN-HABITAT by the President of the campaign Mr. Ankur Agrawal on 4 November 2009.
UN HABITAT has allotted the fund to a rainwater conservation project launched in Lalitpur Municipality, Nepal as part of the agency’s Water for Asian Cities programme. The idea is to demonstrate rain and groundwater conservation at the community level, and to restore traditional water sources by helping replenish ground supplies.
Despite having 89 percent coverage of water supply in urban areas of Nepal, only 13 percent of the population has access to safe drinking water. The situation is even worse, when it comes about sanitation. The gap between sanitation and water supply facilities at national level is distinct, with 46 percent coverage of latrines and 76 percent coverage of basic water supply.
Government of Nepal (GoN) has announced its National Goal with the target to reach 100 percent water and sanitation coverage by 2017. However, most of the efforts from government and non-government agencies have primarily focused towards reaching rural beneficiaries. Urban poor are not getting priority as they are often neglected or assumed to be privileged with basic services.
Hence, these inhabitants of urban and peri-urban areas are still deprived from adequate water and sanitation (WATSAN) facilities, and are living in degrading urban environment.
UN HABITAT Water for Asian Cities Programme Nepal and Water Aid Nepal has recently made an agreement to launch a project titled ‘Integrated Water and Sanitation Services to the urban poor communities in Kamalamai and Itahari Municipalities in Nepal.
Both of these municipalities had recently completed Asian Development Bank (ADB) funded Small Town Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project (STWSSSP) through Department of Water Supply and Sewerage (DWSS). Similarly, ADB funded Urban Environment Improvement Project (UEIP) is going on in Kamalamai. by Department of Urban Development and Building Construction (DUDBC).
In both project areas, DUDBC is also conducting poverty mapping, gender assessment and need identification project with support of UN HABITAT.
The project will select the poor clusters in these two municipalities on the basis of poor households and clusters identified by poverty mapping recently completed by DUDBC to intervene the project. It will prioritize its activities on the basis of the projects identified by need identification study. In total around 16,000 urban poor population will be benefited by the project.
The project has been expected to prepare participatory water, sanitation and hygiene improvement plans for the selected communities of both municipalities. It will be supportive in improving heath and sanitation situation in addition to increasing sanitation practices of the target communities, which demonstrate good practices and technologies for replication in other municipal areas. It will increase awareness and capacities of government and non-government actors to deliver adequate WATSAN services so as to increase coverage of WATSAN services.
The project will facilitate municipalities; develop Water, Environmental Sanitation and Hygiene Improvement (WESHI) Plan for the selected communities; and disseminate learning experiences to institutionalize pro poor governance at municipal level.
Based on the WESHI plan, the project will construct new and improve existing 90 water points along with the rehabilitation of 7 water supply schemes to increase coverage of water supply.
Similarly, it will construct 750 latrines at household level, 350 in Itahari and 400 in Kamalamai; and rehab drainage systems for improving neighbourhood environmental sanitation with an aim of total sanitation and providing access of maximum people to improved sanitation. It has also planned to declare open defecation free to 13 communities as well.
The project will raise awareness on WATSAN issues, and promote proper water, sanitation and hygiene practices to improve health condition of inhabitants. It will initiate “Water Safety Plan” at community level for preventing water sources from contamination. The plan will be promoted integrating sanitation and hygiene promotion so that holistic approach could be undertaken to ensure proper water and sanitation services in the area.
On the occasion of World Habitat Day 2009 UN HABITAT Nepal with cooperation of LUMANTI Support Group for Shelter, NGO Forum for Urban Water and Sanitation, Municipal Association of Nepal, Habitat for Humanity, WaterAid Nepal and Freshwater Action Network (FAN) Nepal organized a seminar in Kathmandu on pro poor housing, water and sanitation services on 13 October, 2009. The day had been celebrated worldwide this year with a common theme “Planning for a better urban future”.
The local government, civil society organizations and local community in six cities including Biratnagar, Bharatpur, Birgunj, Hetauda, Itahari and Kalaiya are working together to plan and taking actions to make these cities a better place to live for all and particularly the poor. This seminar had been held to share successful experiences of these cities in housing the poor and improving access to basic facilities such as water and sanitation, with policy makers and other stakeholders so that lessons learnt would pave the path towards planning for a better urban future.
Addressing the inauguration programme, Assistant Minister for the Ministry of Physical Planning and Works Kalawati Devi Pasawan requested all the stakeholders to keep poor and backwarded groups in prime consideration while implementing their shelter programme activities. She assured that the government of Nepal and political parties will provide support to the activities initiated to provide shelter to target groups.
Director General of Department of Urban Development and Building Construction Indra Bahadur Shrestha informed that the government will re-establish the squatters by providing them an alternative shelters. According to him, the process has already been initiated in Siraha, Saptari and Kapilvastu districts. He further added that the government has allocated a separate budget for this purpose.
Prafulla Man Pradhan, Programme Manager of UN HABITAT Nepal, believed that poor management of water and sanitation, and increasing environmental pollution is the drawback of unmanaged urban growth in Nepal. In his opinion, unplanned urbanization is the root cause of increasing crime and corruption in these cities.
Chief Technical Advisor for South Asia Region, UN HABITAT Dr. Roshan Raj Shrestha said that urban environmental pollution is a major factor contributing climate change, which is caused by uncontrolled and unmanaged urban development.
Karuna Paul, Country Director of Habitat for Humanity requested all stakeholders to implement shelter development activities in squatter and slum communities. Research and Advocacy Manager of WaterAid Nepal, Rabin Lal Shrestha told that the lessons learnt from experiences and challenges in big cities should be taken into consideration while planning for further urban development. At the programme, Executive Director of LUMANTI, Lajana Manandhar; Anil Sthapit of NGO Forum and Rajendra Aryal of FAN Nepal had also shared their opinion in regard of housing for urban poor.
On the occasion of World Hand Washing Day 2009, Lalitpur Sub-metropolitan City (LSMC), Environment and Public Health Organization (ENPHO), and Urban Environment Management Society (UEMS) – partners of Partnership for Safe Water Campaign with support of UN HABITAT Water for Asian Cities Programme Nepal and Bottlers Nepal distributed household water treatment kits to 11 schools and 20 ward level health clinics of Lalitpur.
The distribution programme had been organized to raise public awareness on safe drinking water, health and hygiene at school and community level so as to bring the behavioural change, and reduce the outbreak of water and sanitation borne diseases.
During the programme, bio-sand filters with 50 litre capacity, 61 colloidal silver filters, 1200 SODIS bottles and chlorine solution to Lalit Bikas Lower Secondary School, Shree Padma School, Shree Mahendra Bhrikuti School, Krishi Udaya Primary School, Shree Shanti School, Kumbheshor Lower Secondary School, Shramik Primary School, Shree Bal Bidyashram, Mahalaxmi Lower Secondary School, Swotantra Shikchha Sadan and Shree Panchakumari Primary School. Likewise, twenty colloidal silver filters were also provided to ward level health clinics of Lalitpur.
Speaking at the programme, Chief Executive Officer of LSMC Binod Prakash Singh told that the simple household water treatment options should be promoted widely to access safe drinking water for all. He also requested all the stakeholders to work hard for increasing accessibility of poor communities to safe drinking water service.
Distributing the water treatment kits to 20 different schools of Lalitpur, Maheshor Sharma, under secretary of District Education Office, Lalitpur told that water and sanitation (WATSAN) activities in schools will help to improve WATSAN sector.
Promotion of PoU (Point of Use) drinking water helped to reduce water borne epidemics in Lalitpur, opined Lekhnath Panthi, Health Assistant at Public Health Branch of LSMC. Padmaja Shrestha, programme manager of ENPHO and Dal Bahadur Sintang, Executive Director of UEMS explained about various WATSAN activities implemented in Lalipur to extend safe drinking water service in the area.
Partnership for Safe Water- a unique private public partnership, was initiated by Government of Nepal, UN HABITAT, Bottlers Nepal, Environment and Public Health Organization (ENPHO) and Urban Environment Management Society (UEMS) to reduce water borne diseases in several communities through the promotion of simple Household Water Treatment (HWT) options such as boiling, filtration, chlorination and SODIS. In addition, the campaign is also conducting door to door visit, demonstrating informative street drama and providing capacity building training to women groups.
It has already declared three communities in Lalitpur as the Safe Water Zone, where household drinking water treatment options are practiced in every household of the community, which has remarkably decreased the incidence of water borne diseases.
The government of Nepal in its National Water Plan-2005 has given special priority to the issue of gender mainstreaming to ensure equal participation and access to drinking Water and Sanitation (WATSAN), said State Minister for Energy, Chandra Singh Bhattarai.
Minister Bhattarai said this while inaugurating a three-day workshop organized by Government of Nepal\ Water and Energy Commission Secretariat (GoN\ WECS) with support of UN HABITAT Water for Asian Cities (WAC) Programme Nepal and in cooperation of Gender Water Alliance (GWA) to enhance awareness on gender mainstreaming in WATSAN sector. According to him, the GoN has formulated short term, mid term and long term plans under the National Water Plan to extend drinking water facility throughout the country.
Kishore Thapa, secretary at WECS told that the plans and policies should be prepared with an integrated approach to ensure equal participation of men and women in all sectors related to water resources including drinking water, hydropower, tourism, irrigation, industries, fish farming, transportation and others.
Dr. Roshan Raj Shrestha, chief technical advisor of South Asia Region, UN HABITAT opined that gender mainstreaming is not being given much priority in practice though the issue of women participation is generally raised as a hot topic for discussion. He stressed on the need of formulating women inclusive action plans in WATSAN sector, and adoption of appropriate strategies for its effective implementation.
At the workshop, representatives from more than 30 WATSAN organizations particularly from government agencies, municipalities and non-government organizations were oriented on gender related issues. The workshop also discussed on current situation of gender in WATSAN sector in Nepal. They were also helped to identify the gender related problems in WATSAN sector, and trained to draft the organizational action plans with reference to gender mainstreaming.
At the end of the workshop, the participants made a common commitment to advocate ensuring gender integration at their respective organization, programme and intervention levels, . And each participants of the workshop also prepared action plans for their organizations. The lessons and experiences of the operational aspects of these prepared action plans will be reviewed in follow up workshops. These lessons and experience of the participants will be the basis for the preparation of the “Resource Book for Gender Mainstreaming in WATSAN Sector in Asia”.